Notes



1. Karolina Haderspeck and Albert Schultz, "Progression of Idiopathic Scoliosis - An Analysis of Muscle Actions and Body Weight Influences," Spine 6, No. 5 (Sept/Oct 1981): 447-455.

2. Mark Reuber and Albert Schultz, "Trunk Muscle Myoelectric Activity in Idiopathic Scoliosis," Spine 8, No. 5 (1983): 447-456.

3. Harold Portnoy and F. Morin, "Electromyographic Study of Postural Muscles in Various Positions and Movements," American Journal of Physisiology (1956) : 120-126.

4. Thomasz Zuk, "The Role of Spinal and Abdominal Muscles in Pathogenesis of Scoliosis," The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 44B, No. 1 [February 1962): 102-105.

5. Pierre R. Dupuis and Ken Yong-Hing, "Radiologic Diagnosis of Degenerative Lumbar Instability," Spine 10, No. 3 (1985): 262-276.

6. Augustis A. White, III and Manohar M. Panjabi. Clinical Biomechanics the Spine. (Philadelphia, PA: J.B. Lippincott, 1978), pg. 98.

7. John J. 'I`riano and Marvin Luttges, "Myoelectric Paraspinal Response Spinal Loads - Potential for Monitoring Low Back Pain," The Journal Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics 8, No. 3 (September 1985) 137-145.

8. Rena Yarom and Gordon C. Robin, "Studies on Spinal and Peripheral Muscles from Patients with Scoliosis," Spine 4, No. 1 [Jan./Feb. 1979): 12

9. Klaus Klausen, "The Form and Function of the Loaded Human Spine, Acta Physiologica Scandinavia 65 (1965) : 176-190.

10. Erick W. Donisch and John V. Basmajian, "Electromyography of Deep Back Muscles in Man," American Journal of Anatomy 133: 25-36

11. J.P. Grieve, Common Vertebral Joint Problems (New York, New York: Churchhill Livingstone, Inc., 1981) pg. 1 l.

12. J.S. Denslow and J.H. Clough. "Reflex Activity in the Spinal Extensors," Journal of Neuro-Physiology 4 (1991): 430-437.